According to the Coast Guard, the US is not ready to tackle oil spills in the Arctic. Authorities said that there are no viable methods to remove oil in remote areas covered with ice. The repercussions of oil spills in the Arctic, especially in areas where the seas are over four feet, are catastrophic, to say the least.
That said, every government agency, as well as all private entities transporting oil, should be equipped with the following:
The immediate response to an oil spill, whether big or small, is to try to contain the spill as much as possible. This means using oil absorbent products to remove much of the oil from the spill area. Spill kits can also be used to limit the spill, boxing in the area and preventing further spread. When in an open body of water, there is a high risk of oil being carried by waves unless it is contained early on. Respondents need to be thorough in trying to tackle the spill, and every movement should be carefully measured.
Granted, you may be able to contain a small spill, but if there is a possibility of more spills due to a leak or other problems in the vessel, it is important to make a distress call as soon as you can. Someone needs to alert the authorities, who may be equipped with better spill cleaning equipment. While waiting for help, you can use your spill kits for preliminary clean up. Let the government assess whether the spill has been successfully cleaned up before you do anything else.
No matter how big or small the spill, you need to act on it with a clear mind. This is not the time to hesitate. One small delay in the clean-up may mean the loss of marine life or something worse.